"Although the librarian's multiple roles are important in all forms of medical research, they are crucial in a systematic review."
“Expert searchers are an important part of the systematic review team, crucial throughout the review process - from the development of the proposal and research question to publication.” (McGowan & Sampson, 2005)
Harris, M. R. (2005). The librarian’s roles in the systematic review process: a case study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 93(1), 81–87.
"The librarian is a key player on the team and needs to be an integral player in all meetings."
McGowan, J., & Sampson, M. (2005). Systematic reviews need systematic searchers. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 93(1), 74-80. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15685278
*The information professional should write the methods section regarding the search methods.You may also want to consider providing a copy of one of the search strategies used in an appendix"
Library staff are available to consult with researchers, research groups, and students. Some of the services we offer include:
Librarian involvement offers many benefits, and the more the librarian knows about your project the better the involvement will be. To that end, librarians do NOT offer minimal involvement services. If you have already have a final search string that you simply need to have run in the databases and uploaded to Covidence, please follow the steps in our Covidence Guide to do this.
Residents and students will be taught the process of conducting a literature search for a systematic review, with the expectation that the student will learn the process and will be able to independently handle more of the steps themselves, in preparation for a future career that will likely include intensive literature searches.
If you request assistance with a systematic review, you’ll be asked the series of questions below. Why does the library ask these questions? Systematic reviews require a significant amount of librarian time and effort. We ask the questions below to avoid situations in which a librarian makes a significant scholarly contribution to a review project, only to lose touch with the investigator, be left unclear about the status of the project, what to do with the products of his/her work, or how to plan for future involvement in the project.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. Finding What Works in Healthcare: Standards for Systematic Reviews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman D, and The PRISMA Group (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PloS Med 6(7):e1000097.Doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097
Adapted from: Getting ready for a systematic review: things to consider. HSLS Systematic Review Program. Health Sciences Library System-University of Pittsburgh. [http://hsls.libguides.com/ld.php?content_id=1265534]
It is considered best practice to include a librarian as a team member when conducting a systematic or scoping review (see side bar to the left). The librarian should either be acknowledged by name in the paper, or included as a co-author if the work was extensive and the librarian made a significant contribution (such as several revisions of the search strategy, and/or writing part of the methods section, etc.). Doing this helps your paper, as it lets readers know that you followed the recommended best practice of working closely with a librarian.
- Acknowledgment; suggested line for paper: “We would like to thank (librarian) from the Library of Rush University Medical Center for their work on the literature search strategy for this review.”
- Co-authorship: please get in touch when you start drafting the Methods section of the paper.
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