A citation formally acknowledges the source of your information and provides the reader with the information required to locate that source.
A citation has two halves:
Citations in almost any specific style contain the following standard components, color coded to the image on the right:
Citations for electronic sources also generally include:
American Medical Association (AMA) is a commonly used style. See the following resources for assistance manually formatting your citations in AMA style.
American Psychological Association (APA) is a commonly used style. See the following resources for assistance manually formatting your citations in APA style.
Many medical and health science journals have developed their own citation styles. In order to publish within such journals, you will need to format your citations accordingly.
For journal specific citation style guidelines, visit the journal website and look for an author information or submission guidelines page. See, for example, the "Author Information" page for the journal, Respiratory Care.
Tip: RefWorks can format citations for many journal citation styles. If RefWorks does not contain a citation style, Rush reference librarians can work with you to program the appropriate style into RefWorks.
The URMs, created by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, are commonly used among biomedical journals. See the following resources for assistance manually formatting your citations according to the URMs.